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Board of Advisors

Our Board of Advisors consists of 12 experts.

Through their knowledge and experience,

our advisors assist Legal Line to enhance our public services.


A. Gerold Goldlist, Partner, Davies


Gerold Goldlist is a partner at Davies, Ward, Phillips + Vineberg.

Gerold practices in the areas of Corporate/Commercial, Gaming, Mergers & Acquisitions and Private Equity. He has extensive expertise in gaming and secured financing transactions and international and cross-border transactions, acting for Canadian and foreign clients on a variety of acquisitions, divestitures, financings and joint ventures. He acts for manufacturing companies, private equity firms and gaming corporations. Gerold acts for Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation, an agent of the Province of Ontario, which conducts and manages casinos and lotteries in that province. He has extensive involvement in negotiating the agreements relating to each of the casino complexes developed in the province, including the Niagara Falls and Windsor Casinos, and Casino Rama, which is located on First Nations Land.

Gerold’s corporate practice has extended into the area of public/private development projects. His experience in the public sector includes advising government agencies and Crown corporations on legislative and policy matters as well as being engaged in all aspects of government proposal calls and the related selection processes.

  • Named Toronto Gaming Law “Lawyer of the Year” 2013 by The Best Lawyers in Canada®.
  • Recognized by The Canadian Legal Lexpert® Directory as a repeatedly recommended lawyer in the area of Corporate/Commercial Law.
  • Recognized by The Best Lawyers in Canada as a leading practitioner in Gaming Law.
  • Recognized in Lexpert®’s The Best Lawyers in Canada.
  • Achieved Martindale-Hubbell’s highest ranking, AV Preeminent.
Marvin A. Zuker

Justice Marvin A. Zuker, LL.B.

LL.B. (Osgoode), M.Ed. (University of Toronto), Associate Professor, Family Court Judge

As a Criminal Court Judge sitting in Toronto, Ontario, a Small Claims Court Judge (12 years), and a Family Court Judge prior (22 years) , as well as lecturing at OISE for more than thirty years, I am very interested in the relationship of law and education, the impact of legislative changes, youth criminal justice, provincial and federal as well as common law decisions affecting our most precious commodity, our children. I focus additionally on the education profession, the rights/responsibilities of parents, school councils and private schools.


  • 1978 to date – Justice, Ontario Court of Justice
  • 1982 to date – Associate Professor, OISE/UT
  • 2013 – Adjunct Professor, Faculty of Education, University of Western Ontario
  • 2010 – Adjunct Professor, Department of Law, China Women’s University, Beijing, China
  • 2010 to date – Adjunct Professor, Department of Higher Education and Law, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
  • 1987 to 1989 – Visiting Professor, Acting Director, M.A. Program in Judicial Administration, Brock University
  • 1982 to 1987 – Lecturer, York University Centre for Continuing Education
  • 1979 to 1981 – Lecturer, Ryerson Polytechnic Institute (Continuing Education)
  • 1973 to 1978 – Faculty representative, Board of Governors, Ryerson Polytechnic Institute
  • 1972 to 1978 – Professor of Law, Ryerson Polytechnic Institute
  • 1972 to 1977 – Lecturer, Faculty of Education, University of Toronto
  • 1969 to 1972 – Master of Law Professor, Centennial College of Applied Arts
  • 1966 to 1967 – Lecturer, Centennial College of Applied Arts


  • 2014 to date – Co-Editor, Education & Law Journal (Carswell), Third Part as an Annual Review of Education Law
  • May 2013 – Appointed by the Minister of Education to Board of Trustees, Bloorview School Authority (Holland-Bloorview Rehabilitation Hospital), Reappointed February 23, 2015
  • December 2013 – Elected Vice-Chair, Bloorview School Authority
  • 2012 to date – Member, University of Toronto Standing Committee Student Appeals
  • 2011 to date – Member, Advisory Committee (Ottawa), KNAER Project, Project Lead: Dr. Stephanie Chitpin, University of Ottawa
  • 2010 to date – Faculty Member, Standing Committees (Appeals), Faculty Council (University of Toronto)
  • 2007 to 2010 – Panel Chair, Ontario Graduate Scholarship (OGS) Board
  • 2007 to date – Lecturer, Dewey College
  • 2006 to 2009 – Elected Member, Ontario Conference of Judges
  • 2004 to 2005 – Guest Panelist, TVO – “More to Life”
  • 2004 to 2005 – Executive Member, OBA Education Law Committee
  • 2004 to date – Consulting Editor, Risk Management in Canadian Education, LexisNexis Butterworths
  • 2004 to date – Member, Editorial Board International Journal of Law and Education (Note change of name in 2009 from ANZJLE to IJLE)
  • 2004 to date – Member, Editorial Board, Education & Law Journal, Carswell


  • 1982 to date – Legal Context of Education – LHA 1030
  • 1982 to date – Advanced Legal Issues in Education – LHA 3030
  • 1982 to date – Higher Education and the Law – LHA 1843

PUBLICATIONS (since 2005):

a. Books authored

  • Children’s Law Handbook, Zuker, Flynn, Hammond, Thomson/Carswell, December 2005.
  • Children’s Law Handbook, Zuker, Flynn, Hammond, Thomson/Carswell, (2d. ed.), 2009.
  • Consolidated Ontario Small Claims Court Statutes, Regulations and Rules (Carswell), 2014-2015.
  • Small Claims Court Practice in Ontario 2015, Zuker and Winny
  • Education Law (4th ed.), Carswell, 2007 with Anthony Brown. Inspiring the Future: A New Teacher’s Guide to the Law, Scarfo and Zuker, Thomson Carswell, 2011
  • Children Education and the Law, he Canadian Encyclopedia (Historica Foundation of Canada) 2012
  • An Educators Guide to Teacher and the Ontario College of Teachers, with Rosemary Gannon, Kim Redmond, and Joe Jamieson (Carswell), 2013

b. Books in Progress in 2017

  • Children’s Law Handbook (3rd Ed. 2015), Carswell Higher Education and the Law, 2015 Carswell Annual Review of Education Law 2015, Carswell Inspiring the Future (2d. Ed. 2015)
  • Book Chapter in Progress in 2014 Issues of Misconduct, Education Law in Canada: A Guide For Teachers and Administrators edited by David Young.

c. Books Edited

  • Consulting Editor, Sexual Misconduct in Education: Prevention, Reporting and Discipline, LexisNexis Butterworths, with Bowers and Knox. (2d. ed.), June 2006.

d. Book Chapter

  • Chitpin, S. And Evers, C.W. (eds.) Decision-Making in Educational Leadership: Principles, Policies and Practices (2013) Routledge, Chapter 12: Justice and Equity in Educational Provision: A Case of Ontario.


  • “Legislation, Definitions, Provincial Policies,” Keynote, Principals’ Certification Course, OISE/UT, Spring, Summer, 2004 to date.
  • The Safe Schools Act and the Youth Criminal Justice Act, Keynote Address, Safe Schools Forum, York University, May 7, 2004.
  • Keynote Speaker, Conference 2004, Ontario Association for Counselling and Attendance Services, June 8, 2004, London, Ontario.
  • “The Future of Our Children,” Keynote Address, Safe Schools Forum, Together We Make a Difference, April 8, 2005.
  • Orientation Workshop, Academic Appeals, Humber College, January 21 and 23, 2004.
  • Chair, Sexual Misconduct in Education, LexisNexis Seminar Series, February 6, 2004, Toronto. Panelist, Safe Schools 2004, Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA), February 24, 2004, Toronto.
  • Presenter, Sexual Misconduct in Education, Virginia Education Law Conference, April 15-17, 2004, Richmond Virginia.
  • Presenter, Legal Liability for Senior Educators Conference, Strategy Institute, May 27, 2004, Toronto.
  • Presenter, 2004 Trinity Teachers’ Institute, Trinity College School, Port Hope, Ontario, June 27-30, 2004.
  • Presenter, Fourth Annual Civil Litigation for Law Clerks, October 13, 2004, The Law Society of Upper Canada.
  • Presenter, China Judges Association Delegation, November 11, 2004, Bond Centre, Toronto.
  • Presenter, Safe Schools & Special Education: Managing the Dilemmas. LexisNexis/OISE/UT, December 8, 2004.
  • Afternoon Plenary, Safe Schools 2005, The Youth Criminal Justice Act: Is it working? How and Where? February 23, 2005.
  • Links to Learning, The Learning Consortium, OISE/UT, School Violence and Bullying, February 26, 2005.
  • The Toronto School Administrators Association 6th Annual Conference, “The Future of Our Children,” April 12, 2005, The Old Mill, Toronto. Safe Schools Reference Group Meeting – Safe Schools Act Review, June 7, 2005, Toronto Marriott.
  • First Annual Education Law Institute, OISE/UT, the Youth Criminal Justice Act and Safe Schools, August 19, 2005.
  • The 3rd Annual LexisNexis Safe Schools Conference, Safe Schools and Sexual Misconduct, October 20, 2005, Toronto.
  • Fifth Annual Civil Litigation for Law Clerks, Small Claims Court, October 21, 2005, Osgoode Hall.
  • “Legal Issues in Education,” VP Symposium 2006, Simcoe County D.S.B., May 4, 2006, Collingwood, Ontario.
  • “A Practical Tour of Open Court Issues,” Annual Meeting of the Ontario Court of Justice, May 24-26, 2006, Niagara-on-the-Lake.
  • “Working with the New Small Claims Court Rules,” Contempt of Court, The Law Society of Upper Canada, June 16, 2006.
  • Anti-Bullying Symposium, OECTA, September 14-15, 2007. Bond International College, Guangxi High Court and others, Fall 2007. Co-presenter, “Gatekeeping in the Academy, Lessons for Canadian Social Work Educators,” Council on Social Work, October 27-30, 2007, San Francisco.
  • “Settlement Conferences – Making the Most of 45 Minutes,” Small Claims Court Update, Ontario Bar Association, June 18, 2009, Osgoode Hall.
  • “Youth in Crisis: Seeking Creative Solutions,” Lawworks: Education Law Institute, August 20-21, 2009, OISE/UT.
  • “Child Protection Investigations,” The Complete Guide to School Law for K-12 Education Professionals, Osgoode Hall Law School CLE, December 2, 2009, York University.
  • “Information and Privacy Issues Panel” Workshop, Provincial Conference “Youth, Justice and Community 2010,” February 25, 2010, Niagara Falls, Ontario.
  • Your First Small Claims Court Trial, Young Lawyer’s Division, Ontario Bar Association, March 12, 2010.
  • Education Law/Family Law/Aboriginal Law, Ontario Bar Association, March 22, 2010.
  • The Labour and Employment “Super Panel,” Ontario Bar Association, June 2, 2010.
  • The Importance of the Judiciary/Judgment Writing, Beijing Higher People’s Court Training Program, York University, August 12, 2010.
  • Custody, Access and Child Support, 2010 OJEN (Ontario Justice Education Network) Summer Law Institute, Osgoode Hall, August 31, 2010, with Patti Cross.
  • Legal Issues in Higher Education, Prepared for Shaanxi Normal University, York University, October 5, 2010.
  • Your First Small Claims Court Trial, Ontario Bar Association, February 25, 2011.
  • The Complete Guide to School Law for K-12 Education Professionals, Child Protection Investigations, Osgoode Hall Law School Professional Development, March 1, 2011.
  • Intersection between Criminal Law, Family Law and Education Law in an Education Context, University of Ottawa, May 28, 2012 Legal Rights and Obligations of Private Schools, Private Schools and the Law, October 3-4, 2012
  • Private Schools and Bullying, Webinar, October 24, 2012.
  • Tianjin Higher Peoples’ Court, Training Program Lectures, York University, Asian Business and Management Program, November 19 – 21, 2012
  • Professional Development for Practitioners, Law Society of Upper Canada, “Ethics, Professionalism and the Code of Conduct, November 23, 2012
  • The Legal Context of Education, Presentation and Paper prepared for the Dufferin Peel Secondary School Board Teachers and Administrators, January 9, 2013
  • Legal Rights and Obligations of Public, Private and Independent Schools, Vancouver, January 31, 2013
  • Graduate Supervision Workshop, Panel Participant, Tuesday, February 26, 2013 with Professor Luc De Nil, Gail Fernando, Heather Kelly and Joan Foley
  • The Intersection between Criminal, Family and Education Law, Day School Principals’ Association, Toronto, March 14, 2013
  • Participant and moderator, debate sponsored by UTGSU Academic and Funding Commissioner Bahram Farzady, with Dr. Derek Newton (Western University) and Professor Matthew Herder (Dalhousie University), April 3, 2013
  • Private Schools: The Enrolment Contract, Calgary, Alberta, April 18, 2013
  • Tianjin Higher Peoples’ Court Training Program, October 21, 2013, York University, Asian Business & Management Program
  • Legal and Practical Consideration of the New Policy & Procedures Manual for Private Schools of the Ministry of Education, PDS Seminar, November 15, 2013
  • Higher Peoples’ Court of Xinjiang, Common and Commercial Law, Training Schedule, December 5 and December 6, 2013 York University
  • Co-Chair – Critical and Emerging Issues in School Law for K-12 Education Professionals, Osgoode Professional Development, February 24-25, 2014 and February 23-24, 2015
  • Presentation, PQP Part I, OISE, April 26, 2014
  • Waves of Change in Education, OISE Alumni Spring Reunion, May 30, 2014
  • Training Program, Tianjin Higher Peoples Court, October 20-21, 2014. Asian Business and Management Program, York University
  • Presentation, Chinese English Immersion Education Delegation, Dewey College, October 25, 2014
  • Sick Kids Stands Behind Discarded Drug-Test Method, Interview with Toronto Star, November 8, 2014
  • Freedom of Religion is Entrenched in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms: Does it Matter? Does Anyone Really Care? A case for Religious Accommodation in Our Schools? Is it Working or Not? Prepared for PDS Annual Symposium, October 27-28, 2014
  • Child Protection Issues in Schools, York Catholic Secondary Administrators Association, November 14, 2014



Dr. Warren Shepell

As President of EAP Specialist Inc., Dr. Warren Shepell consults with companies and organizations to evaluate and improve their Employee Assistance Program.

Dr. Shepell received his Ph.D. in Counseling Psychology from the University of Pennsylvania in 1974 and a M.A.Sc. from the University of Waterloo in Industrial Psychology in 1968. He began his university education at the University of Manitoba where he graduated with a B.A. in General Psychology in 1965.

Dr. Shepell first introduced EAPs to Companies and Organizations in 1979 as President of Warren Shepell – The EAP Professionals. He was recognized by Benefits Canada as being a pioneer in EAP and was given Benefits Canada’s Silver Achievement Award. In 2002, The Benefits Industry in Canada recognized him as one of Three Wise Men for making mental health counseling and help available to millions of Canadians through their employers.

Warren Shepell – The EAP Professionals, grew to over 460 full time, and 1500 part time employees, and provided EAP services to over 2,000 companies and organizations, serving four million employees and their families.

Donna Moore

Donna Moore, M.A., J.D.

Aboriginal Law:

Donna Moore grew up in rural Saskatchewan, in the heart of the traditional territory of Treaty No.6.

Donna’s family farmed and ranched alongside the Cree and Dene people. Her clients include First Nations in Alberta, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan.

Donna specializes in Aboriginal and Treaty rights, First Nations’ land claims, administrative and environmental law, and litigation. Donna has experience at all levels of court, including the Federal Court of Appeal, and the Supreme Court of Canada. She has also participated in landmark First Nations litigation and in matters before the Alberta Energy Resources Conservation Board, the National Energy Board, the Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner and the Alberta Human Rights Commission.

Donna is a member of the Law Societies of Alberta (2004), Saskatchewan (1997) and British Columbia (2009) and has received numerous awards for academic and professional achievements including the Civil Procedure Award (College of Law), Graduate Fellowships and Scholarships (University of Saskatchewan, College of Graduate Studies) and Research Funding/Grants. Donna attended the University of Saskatchewan obtaining a Master’s Degree in Sociology and her Juris Doctor. She practiced criminal and family law as well as civil litigation in Prince Albert and northern Saskatchewan before moving to Alberta with her family. She is very active with her family (a son, 23, who is pursuing his law degree at the U of A, and her daughter, 21, an artist/entrepreneur).

She is a member of the Canadian Bar Association, the Calgary Bar Association, the Centre for International Legal Studies and the International Bar Association and has presented or moderated at various conferences and panels including the Centre for International Legal Studies. Donna is also proud to be a Learning Group Facilitator and Evaluator for the Bar Admission Course in Alberta.

Donna is proud team member of the EAGLE LAW GROUP. She is devoted to her work and clients and is honoured to practice in such an important and challenging area of law.


Guidy Mamann, LL.B.

Certified by the Law Society of Upper Canada as a Specialist in Immigration

Law School:

Osgoode Hall Law School

Areas of Expertise:

All Canadian Immigration Applications
All Canadian and US Work Visas

Bar Admission:

Ontario, 1987


Mr. Mamann is the founding partner of Mamann, Sandaluk & Kingwell. Mr. Mamann was formerly employed as an Immigration Officer by the Department of Citizenship and Immigration at Toronto’s Pearson international Airport.

Mr. Mamann studied political science at York University and graduated from Osgoode Hall Law School in 1985. He was called to the Ontario Bar in 1987 and has been practising exclusively in the field of Immigration Law since that time.

In 1995, Mr. Mamann was the youngest lawyer to be certified by the Law Society of Upper Canada as a specialist in Immigration Law. He is one of only 33 lawyers in Ontario certified in Immigration Law and is one of only 13 lawyers in the province certified as a specialist in Refugee Protection Law. Only 12 lawyers in Ontario are certified in both fields.

Mr. Mamann has served as the president of Toronto’s Jewish Immigrant Aid Services (JIAS), and the Programme Co-ordinator for the Immigration Section of the Canadian Bar Association of Ontario.

Many of his high-profile and celebrated cases have attracted local, national, and international attention. He is frequently consulted as an expert by journalists, government, and non-governmental organizations (NGO’s) on matters pertaining to immigration law and policy. He has also been rated as one of Canada’s “frequently recommended” immigration lawyers by Lexpert, ‘Canada’s leading lawyer rating service.

Mr. Mamann has been interviewed extensively by The Globe and Mail, Toronto Star, Toronto Sun, Los Angeles Times, as well as CTV, CBC, City TV, BBC and AM640.

Since 2004, Mr. Mamann has been writing a very popular weekly immigration column which appears in Toronto’s Metro News and in several other publications. Mr. Mamann is also frequently asked to speak on various immigration topics in the press and at conferences.

Mr. Mamann is married and has 4 daughters. He enjoys spending time with his family and his hobbies include photography and motorcycles.


Law Society of Upper Canada, Member
Canadian Bar Association, Member
American Immigration Lawyers Association, Member


Law Society of Upper Canada
Certified as a Specialist in Immigration and in Refugee Protection Law


Ian D. Levine, B.A., D.M.A.

Ian Levine is a Canadian entrepreneur who has been innovating in the Canadian legal space since 1991.

As co-founder of Pardons Canada, Ian undertook the herculean effort of assessing the REAL effects of criminal records, and building relationships with hundreds of associations that helped people get back-on-track. After more than two decades of guiding countless Canadians to a ‘fresh start’, Ian looked up one fine day and realized that the organization he had helped create had become the recognized authority in its field.

Before long, Ian was bombarded with invitations to speak and has since conducted over 400 presentations to all levels of government including Canadian Border Services, Continuing Education meetings for lawyers, probation officers, Toronto Police and many others. Because the purpose of Pardons was to help Canadians who had ‘paid their dues’ to get a second chance at a full life, Ian was constantly asked why he would work so hard for criminals. “Any person who did wrong, felt remorse, paid their dues and tried to make themselves a better person has fulfilled their punishment and is deserving of a pardon. What the community doesn’t realize is that good people continue to punish themselves with shame, and suffer needlessly for years after their court imposed sentence has ended, and that’s not right, everyone needs HOPE.”

Because the mission was to take away barriers to a decent life, including institutional barriers and inner self-limiting barriers, Ian invested heavily in each person who visited the Pardons office seeking information or help. Invariably, Ian would invite the guest into his office for an adult conversation. The door would close and the heart-to-heart would begin. “So many tears and fears, hugs and obstacles overcome. I will never regret the time we invested in each and every person”.

Asked how many of these one-on-one, heart-to-heart sessions he conducted during his tenure as Pardons Canada Founder and Director, he answers, “Only about twenty thousand. I didn’t have the time to meet them all”.

While Pardons was being built, Ian’s partner, Antree Demakos, decided to climb another mountain. “Where is the free, comprehensive, accurate and current database of answers to all the common questions Canadians have about the law ?”, she asked. It did not exist, and so of course, Ian and Antree decided to build it. Ian reached out to the very best. Before long, 30 (and now over 575) prominent Canadian lawyers had started to chip in, providing answers and questions, clarifications and advice. With Ian’s telecommunications knowledge and technical skills, was cultivated into a telephone “live answer’ hot-line, and an internet online information trove.

Professional Positions:

Informix Database Software Corporation, National Telecom Manager
Pardons Canada (, Founder & Program Director (1993-2008)
Legal Information Ontario, Co-Founder
Legal Line Corporation, Co-Founder, VP of Strategic Alliances (1993-present)

Books Published:

Your Guide to Canadian Law, Co-Author, Fitzhenry Whiteside (2007)
Canadian Criminal Records, and How to Start Fresh, Editor, Fitzhenry Whiteside (2013)

Published in:

The Toronto Star
The Globe and Mail
Numerous local papers and radio talk shows


York University, Economics
McGill University, Post Graduate Applied Business Management


Anne Gottlieb, Hons. B.A., LL.B., LL.M.

Call to the Bar, Law Society of Upper Canada
Program on Negotiation, Harvard Law School
Master of Laws (LL.M., ADR) Osgoode Hall Law School
Bachelor of Law (LL.B.), University of Western Ontario
Bachelor of Arts, HONOURS Hons. B.A., York University
Hebrew University, One Year Program

Practice Areas: Business / Commercial, Construction and Real Estate Law

Anne obtained her Master of Laws in ADR from Osgoode Hall Law School. She was trained as a mediator and negotiator at the Program on Negotiation, Harvard Law School and at CDR Associates in Boulder, Colorado. She served as an Instructor for the Law Society of Upper Canada Skills & Professional Responsibility Program and has taught Negotiation, Interviewing Skills and Business Law while being on the Examination Committee for Business Law on the Bar Admission Course.

Ms. Gottlieb has served 2 terms as Chair of the Canadian Bar Association Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Section, is a former Chair of the Ontario Bar Association (OBA) ADR Section, and is a member of OBA Council. She currently is an Executive Board Member of the ADR Institute of Ontario, and has extensive experience in senior leadership positions.

In her various roles, Ms Gottlieb has participated in consultations with the Ministry of Consumer Affairs respecting proposed changes to the Condominium Act and has reviewed and commented on ADR provisions for the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal.

Due to her extensive understanding of civil litigation and her success rate in obtaining settlements, Ms. Gottlieb was selected to conduct pretrial hearings under the Simplified Rules, as part of the Backlog Elimination Project, in Toronto.

Under the auspices of the International Development Program of the Canadian Bar Association, Ms. Gottlieb traveled to Zimbabwe to deliver an introductory dispute resolution training workshop for members of the Law Society of Zimbabwe. She made a presentation to the judiciary of the High Court and Superior Court of Zimbabwe on the benefits of court connected mediation and the role of the lawyer in mediation, and met with government representative and different NGOs. Ms. Gottlieb has taught the Skills and Professional Responsibility Program as well as Interviewing Skills and Negotiation for the Law Society of Upper Canada, Bar Admission Course and has taught and sat on the Examination Committee for Corporate Law.

Anne served as an adjunct member of the teaching team for the Lawyer as Negotiator course at Osgoode Hall Law School, and has coached many mediation and negotiation students. She has supervised law school students participating in a Small Claims Court Mediation Program. As part of the Equity Program of the Urban Alliance on Race Relations, Ms. Gottlieb created and delivered seminars on diversity and issues of equity. The workshops were presented to a variety of organizations in an effort to develop an understanding and sensitivity to workplace and community issues surrounding discrimination.

Anne has been involved in a number of charitable organizations. She is a former Vice Chair of the Variety Village Sunshine Games – a major fundraising initiative to champion the rights of physically and mentally challenged youth in Ontario.

Anne is an Member of OBA Council, an Honorary Chair of the National CBA ADR Section. She is a former Chair of both the CBA and the OBA ADR Sections and has served as Newsletter Editor for various OBA and CBA sections. She is a Board Member of the ADR Institute of Ontario, and serves on ADRIO’s regulatory and education committees.


Alan Gahtan, LL.B.

Areas of Practice:

Information Technology / Computer Law
E-Commerce / Outsourcing

Qualifications and Career Profile:

Alan Gahtan practices primarily in the information technology and intellectual property law field. His practice emphasizes technology contracting, outsourcing, Internet and electronic commerce issues. As a former senior LAN Administrator and a former manager of a computer and telecommunications company, Mr. Gahtan brings strong technical expertise and business and technology industry insight to his legal practice.

In his practice, Mr. Gahtan drafts, reviews and negotiates technology-related agreements such as software licensing, software development, hardware acquisition and maintenance, consulting and professional services, database licensing, on-line services, joint venture, outsourcing, telecom (including IRUs), and provides a wide range of other services for businesses involved in the development, distribution and use of information technology, healthcare technology and intellectual property assets.

Mr. Gahtan provides advice on electronic commerce, EDI and Internet-related issues including registration and protection of domain names, electronic formation of contracts, website content review, liability, jurisdictional and infringement issues, linking, affiliate, web hosting and development agreements. He also provides advice, in consultation with litigation counsel, in disputes relating to ownership of intellectual property and infringement claims. Clients include financial and healthcare institutions, consulting firms, web developers and emerging technology firms.

Recognition and Media Consultation:

LEXPERT identifies Mr. Gahtan as a leading Toronto-based lawyer in the information technology and E-commerce law fields. He has also been identified in “An International Who’s Who of Internet and E-Commerce Lawyers” (published by Law Business Research) as one of top Internet lawyers in the world, and in Lexpert / Amercian Lawyers’ ranking of the top 500 of all lawyers in Canada (and in which he is cited as one of Canada’s leading Computer/Technology lawyers).

Mr. Gahtan is frequently consulted by the media and has been interviewed on CBC’s Venture program (E-Commerce and the Law, April 2000) and the CBC National News, and quoted in The Globe & Mail, Wall Street Journal, The Toronto Star, The National Post, Law Times (Canada), The Lawyers Weekly (Canada), Canadian Lawyer, Advisor’s Edge, The National Law Journal (US), Computerworld, PC World and other publications.


Mr. Gahtan is a frequent writer, speaker and conference chair on information technology law issues. He is author of Electronic Evidence and of The Year 2000 Computer Crisis Legal Guide, and co-author of Internet Law: A Practical Guide for Legal and Business Professionals and a contributing editor of E-Commerce Law (Carswell, 2002).

Alan has also authored or co-authored contributions to numerous publications including “Overview of the Legal Framework for Electronic Commerce” in Law of International On-line Business: A Global Perspective and “Computer Technology during Trial” and “Discovery of Electronic Evidence” in The Expert: A Practitioner’s Guide.

He has contributed articles to The Lawyers Weekly (Canada), Information & Technology Law, Law Times, Hospital Quarterly, Cyberspace Lawyer and The E-Commerce Law Report.

Mr. Gahtan is also a long time columnist on technology issues for Law Times. A list of published articles is available at Copies of more recent articles are published on Alan Gahtan’s Techlaw Blog.

Course Instructor and Speaking Engagements:

Mr. Gahtan developed and taught Canada’s first computer law course at Osgoode Hall Law School (1988-1989)

Alan an instructor for OHLS’ E-Commerce Law Course (2000) and a Course Coordinator for OHLS’ E-Commerce LL.M. Course (2002)

Mr. Gahtan is also a frequent chair and presenter at conferences dealing with information technology contracting, Internet law and e-commerce. A list of select speeches and presentations is available at

Associations, Memberships and Admissions:

Mr. Gahtan is the founder and past-chair of the Information Technology and Electronic Commerce Section of the Ontario Bar Association,

Past chair of the Toronto Computer Lawyers’ Group (1998-1999)

A former Director of the Canadian IT/Law Association (2000-2002)

He is a member of the American Bar Association,
Canadian Bar Association,
Computer Law Association,
Law Society of Upper Canada,
State Bar of California,
and the Canadian IT/Law Association.

Alan was the first Canadian lawyer to create a web presence and currently maintains a number of technology and legal related websites.

pic of antree resume

Antree Demakos, B.A., J.D.

During her early days as a corporate lawyer, Antree Demakos had her first big insight — that a significant cohort of the Canadian population silently endures lives full of shame over past misdeeds. Unable to clean up their past and move forward, these legions suffered in silence, not knowing where to turn for help. Knowing that mechanisms existed to allow “paid for” criminal offences to be removed or destroyed, Antree started conducting her research.

Enter Pardons Canada, whose declared purpose was to give people HOPE and to help Canadians start fresh. Over twenty years, Antree intensively and continually researched the minutiae of records retention and destruction, as well as inter-bureau communications. A comprehensive set of procedures was developed and maintained, ensuring that the difficult and complex job of criminal record removal could be successfully completed.

Observing a need that was going unmet, Antree went ahead and created a service that grew up and became an institution. During Antree’s time as Founder and General Counsel, Pardons Canada successfully cleared a quarter of a million records.

As more Canadians secured their pardons, the organization became the recognized intermediary between individuals seeking a pardon and the legal establishment. Antree also acted as liaison with Canadian and American Law Enforcement Agencies, the Immigration Departments of both countries, and the Canadian judiciary. Pardons Canada became recognized as the ‘go to’ place for criminal record information, and as such was constantly fielding government requests — as many as 300 a year — to provide training sessions to police, lawyers, judges and parole officers.

While Pardons was growing, Antree identified another chronic condition causing ongoing anxiety for millions of Canadians — basic confusion about our laws.

As a lawyer, people asked her so many general questions outside her area of expertise that she started asking herself, “Where is the resource that will fulfill the needs of all Canadians for up-to-date accurate legal information?” Most of the materials that existed at that time were small brochures limited to poverty law issues. Here, again, was an aching public need that had to be addressed.

Always disdaining the idea of different classes of law for different classes of Canadians, and making it her personal mission that “needed information about the legal system would be made available for all Canadians”, Antree founded in 1993. Legal Line is about information, not advice, an important distinction.

Knowing that lawyers want the public to be informed, and are eager to help make this possible, Antree consulted hundreds of lawyers during the start-up phase of LegalLine. With over 1,000 information topics meticulously culled from hundreds of leading experts in Canadian Law, a free resource has been created for all Canadians, providing access to accurate information.

In addition to being the Chief Information Officer of Legal Line, Antree is the author of two books: Canadian Criminal Records and How to Start Fresh (a 300 page guide), and Your Guide to Canadian Law (a 700 page reference book).

Awards and Nominations:

Winner – 2016 Thomson Reuters’ Lexpert Zenith Award, “Diversity and Inclusion”
Winner – 2017 Thomson Reuters’ Lexpert Zenith Award, “Celebrating Women in Law”
Winner – 2017 City of Toronto, Government Award for ‘Access, Equity and Human Rights’,
“Constance E. Hamilton Award on the Status of Woman”
Nominated – 2018 Order of Ontario

Professional Positions:

Crown Life Insurance Company, In-House Counsel
Carson, Gross, McPherson Law Office
Antree C. Demakos Law Office, Corporate and Commercial Law
Co-Founder and General Counsel, Pardons Canada, (1993-2008)
Founder, Chief Information Officer, Legal Line (1993-present)


York University, B.A., Economics
Western University, Faculty of Law, J.D.

Books Published:

Your Guide to Canadian Law, Fitzhenry Whiteside, (now in its 5th printing)
Canadian Criminal Records and How to Start Fresh, Fitzhenry Whiteside

Published in:

The Toronto Star
The Globe and Mail
Numerous local papers and radio talk shows


Michael Crawford, LL.B.


  • Accomplished communicator, author and speaker on leveraging communications technologies.
  • Proven track-record in management, marketing and business consulting.
  • Extensive experience in all forms of content creation and production, from print to broadcasting to multimedia.
  • Specialized expertise in financial services, professional services, high technology, retail and manufacturing.
  • Accomplished communicator who has written over 4 million words, from magazine articles to videos to books.

Current Responsibilities:

President, Senior Editor & Co-Founder, WebNews Management
Principal Consultant, MarketingDept.Biz

Professional Education & Qualifications:

Bachelor of Laws, University of New Brunswick
Bachelor of Business Administration, University of New Brunswick

Previous Professional Positions:

Chief Marketing Officer, Holden Day Wilson
Chief Marketing Officer, Mintz & Partners
Executive Editor, Canadian Lawyer Magazine
Consulting Editor, Law Times
Consulting Editor, Labour Times
President, Update Communications
Law Columnist, CBC Midday & CTV National News
Legal Columnist, The Financial Post
Senior Vice President, Institute For International Research, Toronto
Documentary Producer & Researcher, CTV’s W-5
News Writer & Reporter, Global Television
Documentary Reporter, CBC’s The Journal & CBC’s Midday
Radio & Television Reporter, CBC
Radio & Television Reporter, CHSJ

Books Published:

Your Guide to Canadian Law, Co-Author, Fitzhenry Whiteside (2007)
The Journalist’s Legal Guide, First, Second, Third, Fourth & Fifth Editions, Carswell (2008)
Marketing Masters (Articles), Wiley
Solicitor-Client Relationships (Chapter), Ontario Bar Association

Previously Published In:

CA Magazine
Canadian Business
Canadian Lawyer
Canadian Treasurer
Labour Times
Law Times
Maclean’s Magazine
Profit Magazine
Reader’s Digest
The Bottom Line
The Financial Post
The Globe and Mail
The National
The National Post
TLOMA Newsletter


Larry Banack, LL.B.
  • For 16 years, I served as an elected Bencher of the Law Society of Upper Canada
  • I publish ‘Banack’s Bencher News’ to keep the profession informed of matters arising in Convocation
  • For 7 years, I served as Chair of the Law Foundation of Ontario
  • For 3 years I served as Chair of the Law Commission of Ontario
    • I am a dispute resolution specialist with a background in civil litigation. Before founding Banack Resolutions Inc., I maintained a diverse commercial litigation practice for 30 years at a boutique law firm. As a certified civil litigation specialist, I acted for clients involved in commercial, real estate, construction, estates and professional insurance disputes.

      During that time I also developed a robust dispute resolution practice. I am frequently appointed as mediator or arbitrator and I have experience resolving complex, multi-party disputes dealing with diverse issues. Lawyers also retain me in the unique position of settlement counsel to achieve resolutions that elude the adversarial litigators. I am committed to understanding the key issues between the parties and to assist in finding creative and practical solutions to resolve disputes.


      LL.B., 1975, University of Toronto
      B. Comm, 1972, McGill University
      Dip. I.R., 1972, McGill University

      Areas of Expertise:

      Construction Law
      Real Estate Law
      Condominium Law
      Professional Liability
      Employment Law
      Shareholder Disputes
      Franchise Disputes

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